ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ : ﻛﺎﺭﻱ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ.

ﻃﺮﺯ ﺳﺎﺧﺖ : ﺍﮔﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺳﺎﺩﻩ ed ﻳﺎ ied ﺍﺿﺎﻓﻪ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺳﺎﺩﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺳﺖ ﻣﻲ ﺁﻳﺪ.

ﺍﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺩﺭ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺩﻭ ﺩﺳﺘﻪ ﺍﻧﺪ:







بی قاعده: (شکل عوض می شود)

see .... saw

با قاعده: "ed,ied"

work .... worked

Did

Do

Was

Am , is

Were

Are

Had

Have

Went

Go

Came

Come

ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﺩﺭ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ: ﺑﻪ ﻋﻬﺪﻩ ﻓﻌﻞ ﻛﻤﻜﻲ did ﻣﻲ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ.

ﺗﺬﻛﺮ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﻣﻬﻢ : ﻭﻗﺘﻲ ﻛﻪ did ﻳﺎ didn’t ﻣﻲ ﺁﻳﺪ ed ﻳﺎ ied ﺣﺬﻑ ﻭ ﺍﮔﺮ ﻓﻌﻞ ﺑﻲ ﻗﺎﻋﺪﻩ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺣﺎﻟﺖ ﺍﻭﻝ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﺮ ﻣﻲ ﮔﺮﺩﺩ.

 

ﻧﺸﺎﻧﻪ ﻫﺎﻱ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺳﺎﺩﻩ:

1 ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ed ﻳﺎ ied ﻭ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺷﻜﻞ ﻓﻌﻞ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺑﻲ ﻗﺎﻋﺪﻩ.

2 ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻗﻴﻮﺩ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ:

ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺁﺧﺮ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﻣﻲ ﺁﻳﻨﺪ

yesterday و last day

چند روز قبل

The other day

ﺗﺬﻛﺮ ﻣﻬﻢ : ﺍﮔﺮ ﺩﺭ ﻳﻚ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﺩﻭ ﻓﻌﻞ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻴﻢ ﻓﻘﻂ ﻓﻌﻞ ﺍﻭﻟﻲ ﺑﻪ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﺩ.

ﺗﺬﻛﺮ : ﺍﻓﻌﺎﻟﻲ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ y ﺧﺘﻢ ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ ﺍﮔﺮ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﺯ y ﺣﺮﻭﻑ ﺻﺪﺍﺩﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﺑﻪ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﻓﻘﻂ ed ﻣﻲ ﮔﻴﺮﻧﺪ.

played

play

stayed

stay

said

∗say

paid

∗pay

ﻭ ﺍﻓﻌﺎﻟﻲ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ y ﺧﺘﻢ ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ ﺍﮔﺮ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﺯ y ﺣﺮﻭﻑ ﺻﺪﺍﺩﺍﺭ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﺑﻪ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ y ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﻣﻲ ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ ﻭ ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﺑﻪ i ﻣﻲ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﺳﭙﺲ ed ﺍﺿﺎﻓﻪ ﻣﻲ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﻛﻪied ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﺩ.

carried

carry

studied

study

tried

try


آموزش آنلاین زبان انگلیسی EN45

آموزش آنلاین زبان انگلیسی EN45