ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺍﺳﺘﻤﺮﺍﺭﻱ : ﻛﺎﺭﻱ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺍﺳﺘﻤﺮﺍﺭ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﺩ.

ﻃﺮﺯ ﺳﺎﺧﺖ : ﺩﺭ ﺯﺑﺎﻥ ﻓﺎﺭﺳﻲ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺳﺎﺩﻩ ﻋﻼﻣﺖ ﺩﺍﺭﻡ-ﺩﺍﺭﻱ- ﺩﺍﺭﺩ-ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ-ﺩﺍﺭﻳﺪ-ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻭ ﻳﺎ ﻋﻼﻣﺖ

»ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ« ﺍﺿﺎﻓﻪ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺍﺳﺘﻤﺮﺍﺭﻱ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺳﺖ ﻣﻲ ﺁﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻧﮕﻠﻴﺴﻲ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺑﻴﺎﻳﻴﻢ ﺑﻪ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺳﺎﺩﻩ ﻋﻼﻣﺖ be +ing

ﺍﺿﺎﻓﻪ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺎ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺍﺳﺘﻤﺮﺍﺭﻱ ﻣﻲ ﺩﻫﺪ.

ﺣﺎﻝ ﺍﺳﺘﻤﺮﺍﺭﻱ subject + to be + verb + ing

ﺗﺬﻛﺮ ﻣﻬﻢ : be ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺗﻨﺪ ﺍﺯ are,is,am ﻛﻪ ﺑﻴﻦ ﻓﺎﻋﻞ ﻭ ﻓﻌﻞ ﺍﺻﻠﻲ ﻣﻲ ﺁﻳﺪ ﻭ ing ﺑﻼﻓﺎﺻﻠﻪ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻓﻌﻞ ﺍﺻﻠﻲﻣﻲ ﺁﻳﺪ .

ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺍﺳﺘﻤﺮﺍﺭﻱ : ﺑﻪ ﻭﺳﻴﻠﻪ are , is , am ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﺩ.

ﻧﺸﺎﻧﻪ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺍﺳﺘﻤﺮﺍﺭﻱ :

ﺍﻟﻒ: ﻭﺟﻮﺩ are,is,am ﺑﻴﻦ ﻓﺎﻋﻞ ﻭ ﻓﻌﻞ ﺍﺻﻠﻲ

ﺏ: ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ing ﺩﺭ ﺁﺧﺮ ﻓﻌﻞ ﺍﺻﻠﻲ

ﺝ: ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻗﻴﻮﺩ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺁﺧﺮ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻗﺒﻴﻞ

ﺣﺎﻻ

now

ﺣﺎﻝ- ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ

at present

ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻟﺤﻈﻪ- ﻓﻌﻼﹰ

for the time being

ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻟﺤﻈﻪ

at the moment

 

ﺩ: ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺍﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺍﻣﺮﻱ ﻫﺸﺪﺍﺭ ﺩﻫﻨﺪﻩ ﻣﺜﻞ:

ﺳﺎﻛﺖ ﺑﺎﺵ

!hush up

ﻧﮕﺎﻩ ﻛﻦ

look

ﺑﺎﻳﺴﺖ

Stop

ﮔﻮﺵ ﻛﻦ

listen

ﻣﻮﺍﻇﺐ ﺑﺎﺵ

Keep

ﺑﺎ ﺩﻗﺖ ﺑﺎﺵ

be careful

ﮔﻮﺵ ﻛﻦ – ﻳﻚ ﻧﻔﺮ ﺩﺍﺭﻩ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻲ ﺯﻧﻪ!

Listen! Someone’s knocking the door

ﻣﺮﺍﻗﺐ ﺑﺎﺵ ﺩﺍﺭﻩ ﺍﺳﺘﺮﺍﻕ ﺳﻤﻊ ﻣﻴﮑﻨﻪ!

Be careful he is eavesdropping.

ﭼﻨﺪ ﺗﺬﻛﺮ ﻣﻬﻢ :

1 ﺍﻓﻌﺎﻟﻲ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ing , like-know-understand-want ﻧﻤﻲ ﮔﻴﺮﻧﺪ.

2 ﺍﻓﻌﺎﻟﻲ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ y ﺧﺘﻢ ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻮﻗﻊ ing ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻦ y ﺣﺬﻑ ﻧﻤﻲ ﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ing ﺑﻪ ﺁﺧﺮﺵ ﻣﻲ ﭼﺴﺒﺪ.

Play ... playing

Study ... studying

Carry ... carrying

3 ﺍﻓﻌﺎالی ﻜﻪ ﺑﻪ e ﺧﺘﻢ ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻮﻗﻊ ing ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻦ e ﺣﺬﻑ ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺟﺎﻱ ﺁﻥ ing ﻣﻲ ﻧﺸﻴﻨﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺟﺰ ﻓﻌﻞ be ﻛﻪ e ﺁﻥ ﺣﺬﻑ ﻧﻤﻲ ﺷﻮﺩ.

Come ... coming

Take ... taking

Have ... having

4 ﺍﻓﻌﺎالی ﻜﻪ ﻳﻚ ﺑﺨﺸﻲ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺣﺮﻑ ﺑﻲ ﺻﺪﺍ ﺧﺘﻢ ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ ﺍﮔﺮ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺣﺮﻑ ﺑﻲ ﺻﺪﺍ ﻓﻘﻂ ﻳﻚ

ﺣﺮﻑ ﺻﺪﺍ ﺩﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ(a,e,i,o,u) ﺩﺭ ﻣﻮﻗﻊ ing ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻦ ﺣﺮﻑ ﺁﺧﺮ ﺗﻜﺮﺍﺭ ﺳﭙﺲ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻥ ing ﺍﺿﺎﻓﻪ ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﺩ.

Sit ... sitting

Put ... putting

Read ... reading

5 ﺍﻓﻌﺎالی ﻜﻪ ﺑﻪ ie ﺧﺘﻢ ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻮﻗﻊ ing ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻦ ie ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﺑﻪ y ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﺩ ﺳﭙﺲ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻥ ing ﺍﺿﺎﻓﻪ ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﺩ.

tie ... tying

die ... dying

lie ... lying


آموزش آنلاین زبان انگلیسی EN45

آموزش آنلاین زبان انگلیسی EN45